Demonstrate Transverse Wave Motion:
The handle, which is at one end of the machine, is rotated to cause a series of cams to rotate. These cams cause a set of 16 vertical rods to rise and fall sequentially as the cams rotate beneath them. Their motion follows that of a Sine Wave since their vertical motion is caused by the circular rotary motion of each cam.
The transverse motion, which is clearly visible by observing the tips of the rods, is a demonstration of the creation of Sine Waves as perhaps created in a ripple tank or in a vibrating guitar string.